A-Z Glossary of Tree Surgery Terms
A - Ash:
The Ash tree is an indigenous tree to Britain and arguably produces the best fire wood as one can burn it green.
B - Boots:
Chainsaw boots are essential when operating a chainsaw and a legal requirement. They have a protective toe cap and special material similar to those of the trousers which protect your ankle and foot from chainsaw cuts.
C - Chainsaw:
Chainsaws come in several different shapes and sizes. A tree surgery company requires a minimum of one tree saw, a medium size saw and a large saw to tackle large trunks. My recommendation is to have several back up saws for large jobs. Chains often blunt, saws break and get jammed so it is important to have back up.
D - Disease:
If there is any tell tale signs of disease in or around your tree - die back or fungal growth and cankers- call in a tree surveyor who will be able to diagnose whether there is a need to take action.
E - Elder:
The elder tree is one of our native trees which produces wonderful flowers in the summer which can be picked and make delicious elderflower cordial. Equally the berries can produce Elder berry wine.
F - Four x Four:
4x4 jeeps are very useful when in the tree surgery business. They come in handy for pulling large trailer loads of wood and wood chips and can travel over fields with ease.
G - Grain:
The grains of the woods vary enormously form very pale woods like sycamore, maple and lime to darker woods like walnut, elm and oak. A tree surgeon should always be on the look-out for wood with interesting colours and patternation. They can often be found in burrs, and spalted beech. If one is fortunate enough to take down a rippled sycamore then there will be people who pay you thousands so that they can turn the wood into furniture or musical instruments.
H - Harness:
Like chainsaws there are so many different types of harnesses and it is really up the tree surgeon to decide which one he or she prefers. They vary enormously in size and comfort and it is very important to choose one that suits you because it effectively holds you up a tree at those enormous heights.
I - Insurance:
It is desperately important to hold adequate insurance. Tree surgery is a very dangerous form of employment and you are risking your life and limb every day. Personal injury insurance, Employers insurance and Liability insurance is essential. The risks in this industry are enormous.
J - Jobs:
Because of the gruelling nature of this business - many hands are often needed to make work light. One should have grounds men, two tree climbers, first aiders and health and safety people on site at all jobs. There will be jobs advertised on this site.
K - Karabinas:
One must always check these vital bits of equipment which link your ropes to your harness. They should be routinely checked and maintained and renewed as they hold everything together.
L - Lime Trees
Lime trees are wonderful in many ways. When they flower they have the most fantastic scent which becomes all the more pronounced in the cool evenings, they provide nectar for the bees and tree surgeons can sell the wood to carvers who delight in its soft qualities as a wood.
M - Mushrooms:
I am always on the look-out for tasty mushrooms under trees. It is particularly worth looking under beech and silver birch trees where one can find delicacies such as chanterelle mushrooms.
N - Nuts:
Nuts are another delicacy associated with trees. Walnuts, Chestnuts, hazelnuts and beech nuts are particular favourites of humans. Acorns are the beloved food of pigs and during the autumn they can put on significant weight gorging themselves on fallen acorns underneath oak trees.
O - Oak Trees:
Oak trees are one of our most treasured things in the British Isles. They are a native species which have helped the British population throughout our history. We built ships and houses out of oak, the wood has helped keep us warm over the generations, we fed our animals on the acorns, used the tanin for curing our leather, matured our wine in oak casks and used the sawdust and wood chips to smoke our meat for preservation.
P - Prusik:
Prusik knots are the most common knots used in tree surgery. It is the essential knot used to join the karabina to the climbing rope and is so wonderfully simple to learn. All you need is a small loop of rope with a double fisherman\\\'s knot and you can secure it onto any climbing rope by tying the prusik knot.
Q - Quince:
The quince tree can be found in a lot of old British country gardens as its golden yellow fruit was highly prized for its culinary properties. The fruit make a delicious jelly or marmalade. It is not native to the United Kingdom but to South West Asia and it is the only member of the genus Cydonia. It is related to apples and pears and can grow to eight meters.
R - Regulation:
One has to comply to strict regulations when practicing legal tree surgery. All the equipment needs to be CE marked, the ropes and lifting equipment needs to be Lola certified and all tree surgeons must be wear proper safety equipment and be adequately insured and trained.
S - Sawmills:
I am very sad to say that there has been a decline in sawmills in the U.K over the years because we import more and more wood. It is anticipated however, that consumer power is dictating markets for homegrown timber which is inspiring a new generation of small sawmill operators who mill local wood for furniture and wood turners.
T - Training:
NPTC training is widely available for people who want to learn to be a tree surgeon. There are numerous certificates available for work which varies from tree climbing and pruning to electricity work to felling large trees.
U - Undercut:
When cutting a limb, it is very important to do an undercut in the branch before one does the vertical cut. If a tree surgeon does not do this, the bark will rip and leave a nasty ugly tear on the underside of the branch and leave a wound over the collar of the branch join which will make healing more difficult.
V - Vice:
A vice is a useful instrument to use when you are sharpening your saw as it holds the bar firmly in place when filing.
W - Winch:
I find a winch an invaluable bit of equipment. If one climbs a tall fir tree and ties a rope high up and then hooks it onto a powerful winch which is anchored to a tree it is easy to fell a tree in the direction you want. It is also useful if your chipper comes off its tracks or if you wish to roll over a large trunk of wood and prevent touching the ground with your chainsaw.
X - Xylem:
Xylem is derived from the classical word \\\'wood\\\' and is at the heart of every tree. It transports sap from the roots by two forms of pressure. One is by the pull of osmosis through the root cells and the other is through the transpirational pull of the water evaporating through the trees leaves.
Y - Yew:
The Yew tree is an evergreen native tree to Britain and one of my favourite trees. It is said to have spiritual qualities and consequently one finds a lot of trees in church yards - it is also thought to be very unlucky to cut down a yew. The oldest living trees in Britain are Yews and its wood is highly prized among wood turners and furniture makers. Its grain is stunning and the wood is incredibly strong - because of these properties Long bows were made out of Yew. Beware though of animals getting too close to yew as it is deadly poisonous.
Z - Z shaped furniture:
A style of furniture is z shaped tables. (It was all going so well until we got to Z!)
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